Most high-performing teams go through five stages of team development. Of course, issues will still arise at every stage – even here – but at this stage, team leaders should have all the tools and understanding they need to resolve problems quickly and effectively. The fourth stage of team development is usually where teams reach their peak performance. This is because the level of cohesion and trust between team members has steadily increased over the three previous stages.

Managers should also set expectations for team communication at this time. A fundamental component of both Human Resources Management and Project Management is the development of high-performing teams. Building teams that are cohesive, goal-focused, and possess both specialized and complementary skills to fall under the domain of both professions (Abudi, 2020; SHRM, n.d.). Also, Human Resources supports employees through team conflicts and mediates between management and workers which is an essential part of the Storming stage (Developing and Sustaining, n.d.). In the Norming stage, Human Resources professionals work to offer continual support to employees, facilitate discussions, and provide needed training (Developing and Sustaining, n.d.). During the Performing stage, all team members are working at an optimal level.

Stage 5: Adjourning stage

In agile software development, high-performance teams will exhibit a swarm behavior as they come together, collaborate, and focus on solving a single problem. Swarming is a sometime behavior, in contrast to mob programming, which can be thought of as swarming all the time. Ask yourself if your company employs best practices in its employee engagement. These include aligning company goals with project and team responsibilities so each employee knows how they’re contributing to the big picture.

project team development stages

The Five Stages of Team Development were developed by psychologist Bruce Tuckman in 1965. These five stages advance as a team works together, but especially when a team brings awareness to their dynamic. You can add tasks to your project via so that everyone on your team knows what they are required to do.

Collaborative On-Line Research and Learning

It is highly likely that at any given moment individuals on the team will be experiencing different emotions about the team’s ending. Team effectiveness is enhanced by a team’s commitment to reflection and on-going evaluation. In addition to evaluating accomplishments in terms of meeting specific goals, for teams to be high-performing it is essential for them to understand their development as a team. is one of the most comprehensive productivity and time-tracking apps available.

  • Team performance increases during this stage as members learn to cooperate and begin to focus on team goals.
  • Establishing strong norms leads to more productive and efficient meetings.
  • It’s easy for everyone — including you — to get in a tunnel and focus on their own lists of tasks.
  • The emphasis is on wrapping up final tasks and documenting the effort and results.
  • Most teams need an initial spark before they can develop their own proactive habits.

This phase can be filled with mixed emotions — satisfaction at having successfully completed the project, sadness at parting ways with team members, or anxiety about what lies ahead. On the other hand, you must ensure that the team has most of the ownership over their direction and how they handle challenges. The team should be able to manage well without your constant input and presence. Shift your focus more towards coaching and support your team in finding their rhythm. ‎Plan an initial meeting to introduce the team members to each other so they can start putting names to faces if they haven’t already. Management can often take a step back at this point, as the team is able to work independently toward the project goal without needing frequent oversight.

Further developments

If these changes – and their resulting behaviors – are recognized and addressed directly, teams may successfully remain in the Performing stage indefinitely. Team Tasks during the Storming stage of development call for the team to refocus on its goals, perhaps breaking larger goals down into smaller, achievable steps. The team may need to develop both task-related skills and group process and conflict management skills.

project team development stages

According to recent research, usage of project management software has helped to improve team communication by 52%. At the end of the project, the team will begin to wrap up their tasks and start to disband and move onto other projects. Although norming is a calm stage of team development, there are still things that you can and should do to help things run more smoothly.